A mantra is a spiritual sound vibration that purifies the consciousness
and awakens love of God. The chanting of the Hare Krishna mantra—Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare
/ Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare—is recommended in the Vedic literature as the easiest method for this age
to attain spiritual realization. Krishna is the Sanskrit name of God meaning “all attractive”, and Rama is another
name for God meaning “reservoir of all pleasure”. Hare refers to the divine energy of the Lord. So the Hare Krishna
mantra means, “O all-attractive, all-pleasing Lord, O energy of the Lord, please engage me in Your service”. There
are two ways to chant this mantra: group chanting (kirtana) and individual chanting as on beads (japa). No strict rules apply
for either method, and anyone can chant at any time.
Although “Hare Krishna”
has become a household word, practically nobody knows what it means. Is it merely a repetitious incantation designed to hypnotize
its practitioners? Is it a form of escapism? Or is it a genuine meditation that can actually summon higher awareness? In this
short essay, recorded on his first LP in late 1966, Srila Prabhupada illuminates the inner meaning of the Hare Krishna mantra.
The transcendental vibration established by the chanting
of Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare/ Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare is the sublime method
for reviving our transcendental consciousness. As living spiritual souls, we are all originally Krishna conscious entities,
but due to our association with matter from time immemorial, our consciousness is now adulterated by the material atmosphere.
The material atmosphere, in which we are now living, is called maya, or illusion. Maya means “that which is not.”
And what is this illusion? The illusion is that we are all trying to be lords of material nature, while actually we are under
the grip of her stringent laws.
When a servant
artificially tries to imitate the all-powerful master, he is said to be in illusion. We are trying to exploit the resources
of material nature, but actually we are becoming more and more entangled in her complexities. Therefore, although we are engaged
in a hard struggle to conquer nature, we are ever more dependent on her. This illusory struggle against material nature can
be stopped at once by revival of our eternal Krishna consciousness.
Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare is the transcendental process for reviving this
original, pure consciousness. By chanting this transcendental vibration, we can cleanse away all misgivings within our hearts.
The basic principle of all such misgivings is the false consciousness that I am the lord of all I survey.
Krishna consciousness is not an artificial imposition on the mind.
This consciousness is the original, natural energy of the living entity. When we hear this transcendental vibration, this
consciousness is revived. This simplest method of meditation is recommended for this age. By practical experience also, one
can perceive that by chanting this maha-mantra, or the Great Chanting for Deliverance, one can at once feel a transcendental
ecstasy coming through from the spiritual stratum. In the material concept of life we are busy in the matter of sense gratification,
as if we were in the lower, animal stage. A little elevated from this status of sense gratification, one is engaged in mental
speculation for the purpose of getting out of the material clutches. A little elevated from this speculative status, when
one is intelligent enough, one tries to find out the supreme cause of all causes—within and without. And when one is
factually on the plane of spiritual understanding, surpassing the stages of sense, mind, and intelligence, he is then on the
transcendental plane. This chanting of the Hare Krishna mantra is enacted from the spiritual platform, and thus this sound
vibration surpasses all lower strata of consciousness—namely sensual, mental, and intellectual. There is no need, therefore,
to understand the language of the mantra, nor is there any need for mental speculation, nor any intellectual adjustment for
chanting this maha-mantra. It is automatic, from the spiritual platform, and as such, anyone can take part in the chanting
without any previous qualification. In a more advanced stage, of course, one is not expected to commit offenses on the grounds
of spiritual understanding.
In the beginning, there may not
be the presence of all transcendental ecstasies, which are eight in number. These are: (1) being stopped as though dumb, (2)
perspiration, (3) standing up of hairs on the body, (4) dislocation of voice, (5) trembling, (6) fading of the body, (7) crying
in ecstasy, and (8) trance. But there is no doubt that chanting for a while takes one immediately to the spiritual platform,
and one shows the first symptom of this in the urge to dance along with the chanting of the mantra. We have seen this practically.
Even a child can take part in the chanting and dancing. Of course, for one who is too entangled in material life, it takes
a little more time to come to the standard point, but even such a materially engrossed man is raised to the spiritual platform
very quickly. When the mantra is chanted by a pure devotee of the Lord in love, it has the greatest efficacy on hearers, and
as such this chanting should be heard from the lips of a pure devotee of the Lord, so that immediate effects can be achieved.
As far as possible, chanting from the lips of non-devotees should be avoided. Milk touched by the lips of a serpent has poisonous
The word Hara is the form of addressing
the energy of the Lord, and the words Krishna and Rama are forms of addressing the Lord Himself. Both Krishna and Rama mean
“the supreme pleasure,” and Hara is the supreme pleasure energy of the Lord, changed to Hare in the vocative.
The supreme pleasure energy of the Lord helps us to reach the Lord.
The material energy, called maya, is also one of the multi-energies of the Lord. And we, the living
entities, are also the energy, marginal energy, of the Lord. The living entities are described as superior to material energy.
When the superior energy is in contact with the inferior energy, an incompatible situation arises; but when the superior marginal
energy is in contact with the superior energy, Hara, it is established in its happy, normal condition.
These three words, namely Hare, Krishna, and Rama, are the transcendental
seeds of the maha-mantra. The chanting is a spiritual call for the Lord and His energy, to give protection to the conditioned
soul. This chanting is exactly like the genuine cry of a child for its mother’s presence. Mother Hara helps the devotee
achieve the Lord Father’s grace, and the Lord reveals Himself to the devotee who chants this mantra sincerely.
No other means of spiritual realization is as effective
in this age of quarrel and hypocrisy as the chanting of the maha-mantra: Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare
Hare/ Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare.