Karma is one of those topics that many people know a little about, but few understand the intricacies
of it. To start with, the second law of thermodynamics is that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. On
the universal scale, this is the law of karma. The law of karma basically states that every action has a reaction and whatever
you do to others will later return to you. Furthermore, ignorance of the law is no excuse. We are still accountable for everything
we do, regardless of whether we understand it or not. Therefore, the best thing is to learn how it works.
If everyone understood the law of karma, we would
all be living a happier life in a brighter world. Why? Because we could know how to adjust our lives so we would not be suffering
the constant reactions of what we have done due to the false aims of life.
According to Vedic literature, karma is the law of cause and effect. For every action
there is a cause as well as a reaction. Karma is produced by performing fruitive activities for bodily or mental development.
One may perform pious activities that will produce good reactions or good karma for future enjoyment. Or one may perform selfish
or what some call sinful activities that produce bad karma and future suffering. This follows a person wherever he or she
goes in this life or future lives. Such karma, as well as the type of consciousness a person develops, establishes reactions
that one must experience.
The Svetashvatara Upanishad (5.12) explains that the living being, the jiva soul, acquires many gross physical and
subtle bodies due to the actions he performs, as is motivated by the material qualities to which he obtains. These bodies
that are acquired continue to be a source of illusion as long as he is ignorant of his real identity.
The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad (4.45) further clarifies that as the atma or soul in
the gross and subtle bodies acts, so thereby he obtains different conditions. By acting saintly he becomes a saint, and by
acting immorally he becomes subject to the karmic consequences. In this way, he accrues piety or the burden of impiety accordingly.
Similarly, it is stated that
as a man sows, so shall he reap. Therefore, as people live their present life, they cultivate a particular type of consciousness
by their thoughts and activities, which may be good or bad. This creates a person’s karma.
This karma will direct us into a body that is
most appropriate for the reactions that we need to endure, or the lessons we need to learn. Thus, the cause of our existence
comes from the activities of our previous lives. Since everything is based on a cause, it is one’s karma that will determine
one’s situation, such as race, color, sex, or area of the world in which one will appear, or whether one is born in
a rich or poor family, or be healthy or unhealthy, etc., etc.
So when the living beings take birth again, they get a certain kind of body that
is most suitable for the type of consciousness they have developed. Therefore, according to the Padma Purana, there are 8,400,000
species of life, each offering a particular class of body for whatever kind of desires and consciousness the living being
may have in this world. In this way, the living entity is the son of his past and the father of his future. Thus, he is presently
affected by his previous life’s activities and creates his future existence by the actions he performs in this life.
A person will reincarnate into various forms of bodies that are most suitable for the living entity’s consciousness,
desires, and for what he deserves. So the living being inevitably continues in this cycle of birth and death and the consequences
for his various good or bad activities as long as he is materially motivated.
What creates good or bad karma is also the nature of the intent behind the action.
If one uses things selfishly or out of anger, greed, hate, revenge, etc., then the nature of the act is of darkness. One will
incur bad karma from it that will later manifest as reversals in life, painful events, disease or accidents. While things
that are done for the benefit of others, out of kindness and love, with no thought of return, or for worshiping God, are all
acts of goodness and piety, which will bring upliftment or good fortune to you. However, if you do something bad that happens
because of an accident or a mistake, without the intent to do any harm to others, the karma is not so heavy. Maybe you were
meant to be an instrument in someone else’s karma, which is also yours. It will take into consideration your motivation.
Yet the greater the intent or awareness of doing something wrong, the greater the degree of negative reaction there will be.
So it is all based on the intent behind the action.
However, we should understand that, essentially, karma is for correcting a person,
not for mere retribution of past deeds. The universe is based on compassion. Everyone has certain lessons and ways in which
he must develop, and the law of karma actually directs one in a manner to do that. Nonetheless, one is not condemned to stay
in this cycle of repeated birth and death forever. There is a way out. In the human form one can acquire the knowledge of
spiritual realization and attain release from karma and further rounds of birth and death. This is considered to be the most
important achievement one can accomplish in life. This is why every religious process in the world encourages people who want
freedom from earthly existence not to hanker for material attachments or sensual enjoyments which bind them to this world,
but to work towards what can free them from further cycles of birth and death.
All karma can be negated when one truly aspires to understand or realize the higher
purpose in life and spiritual truth. When one reaches that point, his life can be truly spiritual which gives eternal freedom
from change. By striving for the Absolute Truth, or for serving God in devotional service, especially in bhakti-yoga, a person
can reach the stage in which he is completely relieved of all karmic obstacles or responsibilities. Lord Krishna says in Bhagavad-gita
(18.66): “Abandon all varieties of religion and just surrender unto Me. I shall deliver you from all sinful reaction.
Do not fear.”
Without being trained in this
spiritual science, it is very difficult to understand how the living being leaves his body or what kind of body he will get
in the future, or why there are various species of life which accommodate all the living entities’ innumerable levels
of consciousness. As related in the Bhagavad-gita, those who are spiritually ignorant cannot understand how a living entity
can depart the body at the time of death, nor can they understand what kind of body he or she will enjoy while under the influence
of the modes of nature. However, one who has been trained in knowledge can perceive this.
Thus, we encourage everyone to understand the
law of karma more completely and how one can engage in the devotional service of the Lord in order to become free of all good
or bad karma and develop a purely spiritualized consciousness. This is real freedom and liberation from all material limitations
by which one can reach the spiritual strata.
Hare Krishna ...